Belianske Tatry Forests Barkbeetle - Slovakia

Basic Information

Site Name: 

Belianske Tatry Forests Barkbeetle

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General Site Description: 

The site is situated in the Tatry National Park and The Belianske Tatry National Nature Reservation. In 1995, the extreme outbreak of population of the spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus L.) has started in some parts of Tatras and Low Tatras. Main reasons for the bark beetle calamity presented fast spatial spreads from bark beetle outbreaks on the adjacent side of the Tatra National Park in Poland and also in Slovak nature reserves. During 1995 – 2002, the management of spruce forests was falling under the active forest conservation. At the turn of 1995 and 1996, foresters started with using of classic and pheromone traps. Since 2003, the management of forests has came under the passive conservation of nature. In 2004, Slovakia swept windstorm that forever changed their spruce forests in national parks. Ram strong wind, the bora, in some places reaching over 200 km/h. Calamity affected approximately 12,600 hectares of forest. Damaged forests have come under attack of the bark beetle calamity. For nearly 9 years after the wind calamity in 2004 the bark beetle calamity has almost reached the range of the wind calamity. The bark beetle calamity increasingly destroyed except spruce and rare stone pine in the highest locations of its natural habitat. The number of registered infected adults, more hundred years old stone pines, is close to the number 3000.


General Characteristics, Purpose, History

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Purpose of Site : 

The main aim of the site is a research related to comparison of the forest understorey during the bark beetle calamity in 2000(1), 2014 and 2015. In 2005, we established 18 permanent monitoring plots in areas without damaging of bark beetles. According to the phytosociological relevés recorded on the permanent monitoring plots, we found a significant loss of species in the shrub and herbaceous layers during 2000(1) ― 2014. Increasing abundance of light-demanding species encounters with the dying of spruce trees in the tree layer. Changes during 2014 ― 2015 are only minimal, mainly in the shrub layer.

History of Site: 

Baseline phytosociological relevés in 2000 In 2003 change in management leading to the barkbeetle calamity In 2014, 2015, 2016 phytosociological relevés on calamity plots

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Latitude: 49.235416666700
Longitude: 20.189055555600

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