Omora Ethnobotanical Park Cape Horn LTER - Chile

Basic Information

Site Name: 

Omora Ethnobotanical Park Cape Horn LTER

Site Code: 

LTER-SAM-CL-3

Country (Site Location): 

Chile

Subsite Name(s): 

Contact: Site Manager: 

General Site Description: 

Located in the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO 2005), the southernmost part of Chile, the Omora Park has a mountain landscape covered by subantarctic forests and wetlands. Omora Park is a botanical garden and protected area, in the north of the Navarino Island, Cape Horn, Region of Magallanes, on the southern shore of the Beagle Channel. This park develops scientific research, education, philosophy, ethics and conservation of the species of the Chilean southern region.

UUID: 

e8276302-13dc-4934-b6ae-5da4f9c4c26b
General Characteristics, Purpose, History

Site Status: 

existing

Year Established: 

1999

Size : 

1 018.00ha

Purpose of Site : 

The purpose of this site is to develop ecological research on sub-Antarctic ecosystems, particularly forests, peatlands and other plant formations, along with associated fauna. It also develops teaching focused on pre and post-graduate studies, as well as disseminating scientific information to local inhabitants and the general public.

History of Site: 

Omora Park develops research on ecological sciences and environmental ethics and integrate both disciplines into biocultural conservation and education in the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve. Sustainable tourism, and the transdisciplinary integration of environmental sciences, arts, and biocultural ethics have been developed based on an innovative methodological approach called Field Environmental Philosophy. The overall research is organized in three areas, with three main lines each (Figure 1). Created in 2000, the Long-Term Ornithological Research (LTOR) Program at Omora Park has included studies on a variety of species and topics, and uninterrupted mist-netting and banding of forest birds, which have been conducted for 15 years. Today, LTOR-Omora park representes the longest mist-netting program of temperate and sub polar forest birds in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2008, the Long-Term Insect Phenology Program was inaugurated to monitor phenological patterns of aquatic insects inhabiting sub-Antarctic Magallenic watersheds, focusing particularly in the Róbalo River watershed, which provides drinking water to Puerto Williams, Capital of the Chilean Antarctic Province. Phenological pattern monitoring has been coupled to continuous monitoring of physicochemical characteristics of water, including pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, and water temperature, amongst others. The park was created public land administered by Ministerio de Bienes Nacionales, through the initiative of Drs. Ricardo Rozzi and Francisca Massardo, and supported by the University of Magallanes, the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity, the University of North Texas and the Omora Foundation. The public opening of the park took place on November 14, 2000, and was born with vocation focused on research, philosophy, education and conservation of the landscape.

Research Topics: 

Parameters: 

Photos
  • Three main research lines at Omora Park Cape Horn LTER
  • Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile
    Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile
  • Omora Cape Horn LTER Network: Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Horn Island, and Gonzalo Island (Diego Ramirez Archipelago)
  • Róbalo River Watershed, Navarino Island
  • Sampling sites of bird census in the five major regions of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve
  • Long-term Ornithological Research at Omora Park LTER
  • Magellanic Woodpecker, Omora Park LTER
  • Freshwater phenology, Navarino Island
  • Dientes de Navarino Mountain Range
  • Omora Park altitudinal gradient, Róbalo River watershed
  • Blephlaceridae Fly, Long-term freshwater insects phenological monitoring
  • Underwater with a Hand Lens, Omora Ethnobotanical Park
  • Miniature Forests of Cape Horn, Ecotourism with a Hand Lens, Omora Park
  • Miniature Forests of Cape Horn, Ecotourism with a Hand Lens, Omora Park
Geographic

Coordinates: 

Latitude: -54.916700000000
Longitude: -67.650000000000