The Arid Iberian South East LTSER Platform - Spain

Basic Information

Site Name: 

The Arid Iberian South East LTSER Platform

Site Code: 

LTER_EU_ES_027

Country (Site Location): 

Spain

LTER Member Network: 

Contact: Site Manager: 

Keywords originating from EnvEurope Thesaurus: 

General Site Description: 

The Arid Iberian South East LTSER Platform aims to seek multidisciplinary solutions to the environmental problems occurring in the socio-ecological systems of Anthropocene. The Platform encompasses a wide range of humanized and semi natural landscapes which make up interesting socio-ecosystems. These singular environments represent both natural processes of aridification as traditional land uses, forcing an effective management of the scarce and irregular water resources. Further, agricultural land abandonment linked to land use changes is driving biodiversity loss and alteration of the ecosystem functioning. All these features provide excellent natural laboratories where researching “in live” similar scenarios as those forecasted in other Mediterranean regions and testing adaptive management models to improve ecosystem resilience. The platform area has an extension of 1,426446 ha including a wide orographic heterogeneity and an altitude gradient from the sea level until 2,260 m. The climate is Mediterranean hot (annual average temperature between 12º-15ºC ) and dry, with some localities where rainfall is lower than 200 mm/year. The traditional uses of natural resources were mining and the exploitation of the species Macrochloa tenacissima as vegetable fibre. Currently, the most frequent land uses are intensive agriculture (e.g., greenhouses), marble quarries, tourism and the service sector derived from these activities. The monitoring program includes several dozens of standardised methodological protocols producing up to date results on ecosystem functioning, biophysical processes, biodiversity trends and social perceptions. Facilities are composed by a laboratory on remote sensing and GIS, a laboratory for biological and chemical analysis, Eddy covariance systems for carbon and water fluxes measurement (atmosphere- ecosystem-soil), a weather station, field instrumental for measuring ecophysiological processes, biological collections, a 4x4 wheel vehicle. The research areas covered by the Arid Iberian South East LTSER Platform are regional ecology by using remote sensing, carbon/water exchange ecosystem-atmosphere/soil-atmosphere and water balance, phenology of xerophytic vegetation, occurrence of invasive alien species, climate trends, land use changes, biophysical and socio-cultural assessment of ecosystem services, spatial distribution of species (birds, mammals and plants), ecological integrity of arid riparian environments, karst systems, and water quality. We are working to guarantee the quality of our datasets and searching for collaborators with the aim of expanding our current dataset catalogue.

UUID: 

889b159a-8b58-4685-9418-73ee70388799
General Characteristics, Purpose, History

Site Status: 

existing

Year Established: 

2014

Size : 

1 426 450.00ha

Purpose of Site : 

The Arid Iberian South East LTSER Platform aims to seek multidisciplinary solutions to the environmental problems occurring in the socio-ecological systems of Anthropocene. With this aim, we monitor a set of indicators and parameters related to ecosystems health and social perceptions regarding their ecosystem services provision. The knowledge acquired is transferred from scientists to decision makers (science & policy) to achieve knowledge transfer & adaptive management experiences.

Research Topics: 

Parameters: 

Photos
Geographic

Coordinates: 

Latitude: 37.084800000000
Longitude: -2.287100000000

Site Boundaries: 

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